Non‑Qatari investors may only invest in Qatar in accordance with Foreign Investment Law No 13 of 2000 and its numerous revisions:
- Non-Qatari investors may invest in all parts of the economy (other than those set out below) with a Qatari partner who must own at least 51% of any enterprise.
- Non-Qatari investors are prohibited from being appointed as commercial agents under Commercial Agencies Law No 8 of 2005 or from investing in real estate businesses (apart from designated real estate areas). Approval from the Council of Ministers is required for foreign investment in banking and insurance.
- The Minister of Economy and Commerce may permit non‑Qatari investors to own up to 100% of a business in one of the following sectors, if such projects match the development plan of the State of Qatar: agriculture; industry; health; education; tourism; development and exploitation of natural resources; technical and information consultancy; cultural, sports and entertainment services; distribution services; and energy or mining.
- Foreign capital is guaranteed against expropriation (although the State may acquire assets for public benefit on a nondiscriminatory basis, provided the full economic value is paid for the asset).
- Subject to Ministerial approval, a foreign company performing a specific contract in Qatar may set up a branch office if the project facilitates the performance of a public service or utility.
- A non‑Qatari company operating in Qatar under a Qatari government concession to extract, exploit or manage the State’s national resources is exempt from the Foreign Investment Law. In practice this covers all large oil and gas companies.
- A company formed by a non‑Qatari entity with the government or a government entity (‘Article 68 Company’) will be subject to special rules.
- All international companies securing mega infrastructure development work must share at least 30% of the contract with local entities.