Marhaba compiles these pages either from updates received directly from companies or from the media. While we endeavour to present an accurate picture of the most recent news, it is not always possible to have information verified. Therefore, we do not accept responsibility for any omissions or inaccuracies.
Qatar Petroleum (QP) is an integrated national oil corporation responsible for the sustainable development of Qatar’s oil and gas resources.
Its corporate vision is ‘to become one of the best national oil companies in the world, with roots in Qatar, and a strong international presence.’
QP’s activities encompass the entire spectrum of the oil and gas value chain locally, regionally, and internationally, and include the exploration, refining, production, marketing and sales of oil and gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), natural gas liquids (NGL), gas-to-liquids (GTL) products, refined products, petrochemicals, fertilisers, steel and aluminium.
QP’s operations are conducted at various onshore locations, including Doha, Dukhan, and the Mesaieed and Ras Laffan Industrial Cities, as well as at offshore areas, including Halul Island, offshore production stations, drilling platforms, and the North Field.
Human capital The Human Capital Directorate has the responsibility of catering to QP’s human capital requirements in an ever-changing competitive environment. It provides quality support services to QP’s operations in the areas of human resources, strategic Qatarisation, as well as learning and development.
QP is spearheading the energy and industry sector’s Strategic Qatarisation Plan to maximise the employment of Qatari nationals.
Health, safety and environment QP is committed to the health and safety of its employees, contractors, visitors and the local communities, and to the protection and conservation of the natural environment.
Oil and gas fields and operation areas
Onshore oil QP produces crude oil, condensate, natural gas liquids, associated gas, and non-associated gas from its onshore fields in Dukhan.
Located 84 km west of Doha, Dukhan accommodates oil and gas facilities, housing, medical, recreational and educational institutions, and related services. The first shipment of oil from Dukhan was transported on 31 December 1949 through the Mesaieed port terminal.
Offshore oil QP produces high-quality crude oil and associated gas from the offshore Maydan Mahzam, Bul Hanine and Al Rayyan fields, which began production in 1965, 1972 and 1996, respectively.
Exploration, appraisal and development operations During the last 25 years, QP has signed Exploration and Production Sharing Agreements (EPSA) and Development and Production Sharing Agreements (DPSA) with a number of major international oil and gas companies, including Elf Aquitaine/Total, Anadarko Qatar, Maersk Oil Qatar, Occidental Petroleum Qatar, Qatar Petroleum Development, Talisman Energy Qatar, GDF Suez, China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC) and Qatar Shell.
These agreements have boosted Qatar’s oil and gas reserves through new discoveries and the development of existing fields. Some of the fields which were discovered and/or developed through these agreements are Idd El Shargi Dome (North and South), Al Shaheen Field, Al Khaleej Field, as well as Al Karkara and A Structures.
North Field The North Field, an area of 6,000 sq km with total recoverable gas of 900 tn standard cubic feet, is considered the largest single non-associated gas reservoir in the world. The utilisation of this field’s massive reserves has become a primary national goal to continue the development and prosperity of the country.
Halul Island Halul Island is a storage and exportation centre for Qatar’s marine crude oil. The island, which has an area of 1.5 sq km, lies approximately 96 km to the northeast of Doha. It has 11 large crude oil storage tanks with a total capacity of 5 mn barrels. The island also has pumping facilities, power generators, desalination plants, a heliport and a harbour suitable for supply boats that support operations. It is also fully equipped with community facilities for almost 1,000 QP staff and contractors.
QP Refinery The QP Refinery started as a small topping plant in 1958 and has grown over the years into a giant refinery organisation. It has successfully made the State of Qatar self-sufficient and export-oriented in refined oil and petroleum products, with its designed capacity of 137,000 barrels per day (bpd) of refined products for domestic use as well as for export.
Laffan Refinery Laffan Refinery is a joint venture with international majors and is one of the largest condensate refineries in the world. It started production in late 2009 and is operated by Qatargas Operating Company Limited (Qatargas). The 146,000 bpd refinery processes field condensate from Qatargas and Al Khaleej Gas to produce naphtha, jet fuel, gas oil and LPG. A second condensate refinery, called the Laffan Refinery 2 (LR2), started operations in December 2016 and added another 146,000 bpd of processing capacity, thus doubling Qatar’s refining capacity. LR2 produces low sulfur Euro-V specifications products such as naphtha, Jet , ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD), propane and butane for local and international markets.
Natural gas liquids (NGL) There are four NGL plants in Mesaieed Industrial City producing propane, butane and condensate, which are mainly intended for export.
Barzan Gas Project The Barzan Gas Project will develop approximately 1.9 bn cfpd of North Field wellhead gas, and produce 1.4 bn cfpd of sales gas for the domestic market (power generation) in addition to associated condensate ethane, LPG and sulphur.
Bul Hanine Redevelopment QP is investing in the redevelopment of the existing Bul Hanine offshore oil field, which is located about 120 km to the east of the Qatari coastline. The project is one of the largest to be managed and executed by QP. It is designed to prolong the field’s life by countering its production decline and doubling its current oil production rate.
New Petrochemical Complex QP has announced the selection of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC as its partner in a new Petrochemicals Complex, which will be developed and constructed in Ras Laffan Industrial City. The new complex will have an ethane cracker with a nameplate capacity of 1.9 million tons of ethylene per annum, making it the largest ethane cracker in the Middle East and one of the largest in the world. It will also include two high-density polyethylene derivative units, which will raise Qatar’s current polyethylene production capacity by 82% by the fourth quarter of 2025.
North Field Expansion Project This is a project to develop additional gas from the North Field and to build four new LNG trains to raise Qatar’s LNG production capacity from 77 million tons per annum to 110 MTPA. In addition to LNG, the new project will also produce about 4,000 tons per day of ethane, 260,000 barrels per day of condensate, 11,000 tons per day of LPG, and approximately 20 tons per day of pure helium.
QP Industrial Cities
QP’s Industrial Cities Directorate has the overall mandated responsibility for Ras Laffan Industrial City, Mesaieed Industrial City and the Dukhan Concession Area. It is responsible for developing and providing land, infrastructure, facilities and services required by the industries operating in those areas, which altogether play a pivotal role in enhancing diversification, industrialisation, and the extraction of the highest economic value from Qatar’s oil and gas resources.
Guided by Qatar National Vision 2030 and in compliance with corporate, state, and international governance, QP Industrial Cities is committed to:
• Contributing to the sustainable social and economic development of Qatar.
• Achieving the highest level of health, safety, security, environmental protection and socioeconomic sustainability.
• Protecting the interests of the State, Qatar Petroleum and business partners.
• Operating highly reliable facilities and providing responsive services to business partners.
• Developing, optimising and sustaining world-class infrastructure and facilities.
• Developing local talent and acting as a leader in corporate citizenship.
• Directing the development, regulations and operations of Mesaieed and Ras Laffan Ports.
• Acting as the Municipal Authority in the responsible areas as granted by the laws of the State of Qatar.
Ras Laffan Industrial City (RLIC)
Ras Laffan Industrial City is situated 80 km from Doha along the northeast coast of Qatar, and is considered one of the fastest growing industrial cities in the world. It is the main base for the exploitation and development of Qatar’s vast resources from the North Field, the world’s largest single non-associated gas reservoir. Since its establishment in 1996, RLIC has evolved into a world-class industrial city, facilitating the needs of the most technologically sophisticated natural gas-based industries.
Major industries operating in RLIC
RLIC provides state-of-the-art infrastructure, facilities and services to major ventures of the oil and gas industry and supporting projects, which are all set to achieve the planned production capacity of 25 bn cubic feet of gas per day. These include:
• Qatargas, the largest producer of LNG in the world.
• Pearl GTL and Oryx GTL, major producers of GTL.
• Al Khaleej Gas – lean natural gas for the Qatar market.
• Dolphin Energy Limited – lean natural gas for export by pipeline to the GCC.
• Laffan Refinery – refined petroleum products.
• Ras Laffan Olefins Company – ethylene for petrochemical products.
• Ras Laffan Helium – the world’s largest producer of helium.
• Qatar Power, Ras Girtas Power and Ras Laffan Power – power for Qatar and for export to the GCC market.
• Erhama Bin Jaber Al Jalahma Shipyard – shipbuilding, repair and maintenance services.
Mesaieed Industrial City (MIC)
Located 40 km south of Doha, Mesaieed Industrial City is the hub for petrochemicals, chemical fertilisers, oil refining and metallurgical industries in Qatar. MIC also hosts numerous small and medium-sized industries as well as a well-planned, self-contained, sustainable, modern township with fully-serviced infrastructure providing a high quality of life for its residents.
Major industries operating in MIC
A wide range of products is produced in MIC. These include natural gas liquids, petrochemicals, plastic resins, refined petroleum products, aluminium and steel, which are supplied to local, regional and international markets. The major industries operating in MIC include the following:
• QP’s Mesaieed Operations manages the onshore processing, distribution and export of products derived from non-associated gas.
• QP Refinery processes crude oil and condensate into a variety of finished products including naphtha, gasoline, jet fuel, diesel and fuel oil.
• Qatar Petrochemical Company (QAPCO) is one of the leading producers of ethylene and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) in the Middle East region.
• Qatar Fertilizer Company (QAFCO) is a leading, world-class fertiliser producer and is the world’s largest single-site producer of ammonia and urea.
• Qatar Chemical Company (QChem) is a world-class integrated petrochemical plant producing high and medium-density polyethylene and other products.
• Qatar Steel is a regional leader in the steel industry.
• Qatar Aluminium Company (Qatalum) is a fully integrated aluminium plant that produces high-quality primary aluminium products.
• Qatar Vinyl Company (QVC) produces high-quality vinyl products.
• Qatar Fuel Additives Company (QAFAC) produces methanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE).
Dukhan Concession Area
Dukhan is located 80 km west of Doha and produces 335,000 bpd of oil. It covers an area approximately 80 km by 8 km with oil production facilities, associated and non-associated gas facilities and NGL production. In addition to industrial plants, infrastructure and assets, Dukhan is home to 12,000 residents living in a community encompassing schools, medical facilities, extensive leisure facilities and all the amenities expected of a bustling community. The main products conditioned for export from the Dukhan fields are crude oil, condensate, natural gas liquids (NGL), and stripped associated gas (SAG). These products are delivered to various internal and external customers.
• Crude oil is exported through the terminal operations department at Mesaieed and also supplied to the QP Refinery.
• Condensates are sent to the QP Refinery in Mesaieed.
• Arab D NGL is supplied to NGL4 at Mesaieed.
• NGL is delivered to NGL1 and NGL2 in Mesaieed.
• SAG is supplied to QNCC, QAPCO and QAFCO via QP’s Gas Distribution System.
Qatargas is a unique global energy operator in terms of size, service and reliability. The company operates 14 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) trains with a total annual production capacity of 77 mn tonnes. This makes Qatargas the largest LNG producer in the world. Since the first production in 1996, Qatargas has successfully delivered cargos to 31 countries and is committed to meeting the world’s demand for safe, reliable and clean energy.
Established in 1984, Qatargas develops, produces, and markets hydrocarbons from the world’s largest non-associated natural gas field. In addition to producing LNG, Qatargas is also a leading exporter of natural gas, helium, condensate and associated products. Apart from the LNG facilities, Qatargas also operates the Jetty Boil-Off Gas facility, Al Khaleej Gas, Ras Laffan Helium, the two Laffan Refineries (among the largest condensate refineries in the world), and the Ras Laffan Terminal on behalf of all participants.
Today, Qatargas continues to set the benchmark in the LNG industry as it safely and reliably supplies energy to customers all over the world.
North Oil Company (NOC) is an operating company created through a joint venture agreement to operate and further develop the Al Shaheen oil field for the next 25 years. NOC is a Qatari company, 70% owned by QP and 30% by Total.
Al Shaheen oil field is located in Qatari waters 80 km north of Ras Laffan with facilities consisting of 33 platforms and more than 300 wells, currently producing around 300,000 barrels of oil per day. Al Shaheen is Qatar’s largest offshore oil field and one of the largest offshore oil fields in the world.