Exports According to the CIA World Factbook, Qatar exported USD67.5 billion worth of goods in 2017 (estimated), comprising liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, fertilisers, and steel. There are no duties on exports.
Imports According to the CIA World Factbook, imports totalled USD30.77 billion in 2017 (estimated), comprising machinery and transport equipment, food, and chemicals.
Import tariffs Importers of goods into Qatar must sign up to the Importers’ Register and be approved by Qatar Chamber (QC). Customs duty and legalisation fees are levied on all commercial shipments, irrespective of its value.
All goods imported into Qatar are subject to customs duties, based on a percentage value of goods (usually 5%), or on a ‘per unit’ basis. The value of goods is calculated according to the Customs and Ports Law.
Customs duty tariffs fall under these categories:
• Personal effects and household items, imports of charitable organisations and returned goods, diplomatic and military exemptions, merchandise for ‘free zones’ and duty-free shops – exempt. Goods in transit may be accepted at designated stations without duty.
• General cargo, eg clothing, perfumes, cars, electronic appliances and devices – 5%.
• Steel – 20%.
• Urea and ammonia – 30%.
• Cigarettes, tobacco and its derivatives – 100% or QR1,000 per 10,000 cigarettes, whichever is higher.
Law No 25 of 2018 on Excise Tax came into effect 1 January 2019. All businesses that import, produce or store/stockpile excise goods must comply with the requirements stipulated under the law. The following goods are subject to Excise Tax:
Tobacco products – 100%.
Carbonated drinks (non-flavoured aerated water excluded) – 50%.
Energy drinks – 100%.
Special goods – 100%.
In accordance with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Customs Union, more than 600 goods exempted from customs duties, as well as exemptions granted to certain bodies and persons under Customs Law No 40 of 2004. There are fees for the attestation of the Certificate of Origin (from QC) and a tariff for the attestation of the Commercial Invoice, based on shipment value.
Qatar implemented the World ATA Carnet Council in August 2018, joining 77 other countries that use the system, an international customs document permitting the duty-free and tax-free temporary import and export of goods for up to one year. The system is being implemented by QC alongside ICC Qatar and the General Authority of Customs (GAC).
Import regulations All commercial shipments are subject to examination by GAC prior to clearance. The Qatar Clearance Single Window (Al Nadeeb) is a one-stop e‑government system facilitating international trade, with interchange between GAC and other stakeholders. 136, ecustoms.gov.qa
New regulations were introduced in 2013 to prevent fake products from entering the market.
All general goods must have non‑removable marking of their place of manufacture to be eligible for customs clearance. This applies to both air and sea freight. The import of vehicle tyres, spare parts and electrical home appliances has to be based on a ‘certificate of conformity’ issued by the authority concerned. All general cargo for customs clearance must be backed by an original commercial invoice on the shipper’s letterhead, with stamp and signature. They also require attestation by QC. The packing list of each consignment must have the number of pieces, weight and volume.
GAC requires all importers to obtain an HS Code, an international system for classifying traded products. This must be linked to the trader’s Commercial Registration and import licence.
There are no restrictions on bringing personal effects into Qatar. Banned imports include alcohol, pork and e‑cigarettes. The import of pets is allowed, however certain breeds are not permitted. NB: the blockade against Qatar means that goods from boycotting countries are prohibited (as at date of going to print).
Points of entry Imports and exports are transitted via Hamad International Airport, Hamad Port, Doha Port, Mesaieed Port, Ras Laffan and the Salwa Overland Terminal.