Exports According to the CIA World Factbook, Qatar exported USD56.26 billion worth of goods in 2017 (estimated), comprising liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, fertilisers, and steel. There are no duties on exports.
Imports According to the CIA World Factbook, imports totalled USD26.69 billion in 2017 (estimated), comprising machinery and transport equipment, food, and chemicals.
Import tariffs Importers of goods into Qatar must sign up to the Importers’ Register and be approved by Qatar Chamber. Customs duty and legalisation fees are levied on all commercial shipments, irrespective of its value.
All goods imported into Qatar are subject to customs duties, based on a percentage value of goods (usually 5%), or on a ‘per unit’ basis. The value of goods is calculated according to the Customs and Ports Law.
Customs duty tariffs fall under these categories:
• Exempted – personal effects and household items, imports of charitable organisations and returned goods, diplomatic and military exemptions, merchandise for ‘free zones’ and duty-free shops. Goods in transit may be accepted at designated stations without duty.
• 5% – general cargo, eg clothing, perfumes, cars, electronic appliances and devices.
• 20% – steel
• 30% – urea and ammonia
• 100% or QAR1,000 per 10,000 cigarettes, whichever is higher – cigarettes, tobacco and its derivatives.
In accordance with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Customs Union, there are 672 goods exempted from customs duties, as well as exemptions granted to certain bodies and persons under Customs Law No 40 of 2004. There are fees for the attestation of the Certificate of Origin (from Qatar Chamber) and a tariff for the attestation of the Commercial Invoice, based on shipment value.
Import regulations All commercial shipments are subject to examination by the General Authority of Customs (GAC) prior to clearance. Al Nadeeb is a ‘single‑window’ system to help facilitate trade, with e‑government systems, call centre, a personal smart card and payment system. The process is quick due to an e-link between GAC and Qatar Ports Management (QPM), and integration between Al Nadeeb and QPM. Visit the website for company registration, user guides, and tariffs as per the Harmonised System (HS) Code, or download the app. Call centre: 136, ecustoms.gov.qa
New regulations were introduced in 2013 to prevent fake products from entering the market. All general goods must have non‑removable marking of their place of manufacture to be eligible for customs clearance. This applies to both air and sea freight. The import of vehicle tyres, spare parts and electrical home appliances has to be based on a ‘certificate of conformity’ issued by the authority concerned. All general cargo for customs clearance must be backed by an original commercial invoice on the shipper’s letterhead, with stamp and signature. They also require attestation by Qatar Chamber. The packing list of each consignment must have the number of pieces, weight and volume.
GAC requires all importers to obtain an HS Code, an international system for classifying traded products. This must be linked to the trader’s Commercial Registration and import licence.
There are no restrictions on bringing personal effects into Qatar. Banned imports include alcohol, pork and e‑cigarettes. The import of pets is allowed, however certain breeds are not permitted. NB: the blockade against Qatar means that goods from boycotting countries are prohibited (as at date of going to print).
Points of entry Imports and exports are transitted via Hamad International Airport, Hamad Port, Doha Port, Mesaieed Port, Ras Laffan and the Salwa Overland Terminal.