Arabs place great importance on greetings, often greeting each other with a number of phrases and fixed responses enquiring about each other’s health, wellbeing and family. As a courtesy, it is important for visitors to learn the basics of how to say hello and goodbye when in their company.

*Indicates if you’re speaking as a female or when you’re speaking to a female. 

Courtesies/Responses 

Peace be upon you assalam a’laykum

And upon you be peace wa’alaykum salam

Good morning sabah al khair

May your morning be bright sabah al noor

Good afternoon/evening massa al khair

May your afternoon/evening be bright massa al noor

Welcome marhaba or tafaddal/*tafaddali

Goodbye (Go in peace) ma’a salaamah

May God protect you Allah yehmik/*Allah yehmiki

How are you? kaif halak?/*kaif halik

And you? wa ant?/*wa anti

Thank God al hamdu lillah

Thanks shukran

Welcome (in response to ‘thank you’) a’fwan

Please min fadlak/*min fadlik

Yes/No na’am or aiwa/la

I’m sorry ana mutaassef/*ana mutaasefa

Congratulations mabrook

Look! shuff!/*shuffi

Where? wain?

On your right a’la yameenak

On your left a’la shamalak 

Straight on a’la tool

Stop! aqif/*aqifi

Go! imshi

Come! ta’al/ta’ali

Let’s go! yalla

Tell me qulli/*qullili

When? mata? or emta?

Bring me/give jeeb/*jeebi

This hatha

That hathaak

There isn’t any mafi

No problem mafi mushkila

There is no time mafi waqt

Impossible mush mumkin

Finished khallas

If God is willing Insh’Allah

For sure Wallah/akeed

Ramadan blessings    Ramadan kareem

Eid blessings Eid mubarak 

Numbers

0 sifr ٠

1 wahad ١

2 ithnain ٢

3 thalatha ٣

4 arba’a ٤

5 khamsa ٥

6 sitta ٦

7 saba’a ٧

8 thamanya ٨

9 tissa’a ٩

10 a’ashara ١٠

50 khamseen

100 mi’a

500 khamsmi’a

1,000 alf

2,000 alfain

10,000

a’asharat alf
100,000
mi’at alf

Days of the Week

Sunday yum al ahad

Monday yum al ithnain

Tuesday yum al thalatha

Wednesday yum al arba’a

Thursday yum al khamees

Friday yum al jum’a

Saturday yum al sabt 

Time

What time is it? a-sa’a kam?

One, two, three a-sa’a wahda,

o’clock thintain, etc.

Late mut’akhar

Early badri

Tomorrow bukra

The day after ba’ad bukra

Yesterday ams

What time is the appointment?

as-sa’a kam al maw’idd?

When do you open/close?

mata taftahoon/tosakkiroon? 

Essential Foods

Bread khubbuz

Water maa, moya

Tea/Coffee chai/gahwa 

Milk haleeb

Fish samak 

Meat laham

Chicken dejaj

Cheese jubna  

Fruit fawakih

Vegetables khudrawat

Travel

I want a taxi

areed taxi

How much is the taxi?

kam al ijar?

I want to rent a car

areed astaajer sayyara

Where is the airline office?

wain maktab at tayaran?

Take us to the airport

khuthna ila al matar 

Shopping/Eating Out

Where is the market? wain al souq?

I want to buy… areed ashtiri…

Do you have …? a’ndak…?

Have/Don’t have fi/mafi

How much is it? kam qeemtah?

Cheap/Expensive rakhees/ghali

Newspaper/Book jareeda/kitaab

Map of Doha khareeta al doha

Bank bank

Money Exchange surrafa

Restaurant mata’am

What kind of food? ay ta’am ladaikum?

Toilets al hammam 

Emergencies

Please help me sa’idni low samaht

Police station markaz al shortah 

I’m feeling ill ana mareeth

I need a doctor areed tabeeb

I need a hospital areed mustashfa

Ambulance sayyara is’aaf

Pharmacy saydaliya 

There’s a fire fi hareeqa

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